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‘Affluenza’ teen caught, but will he get off easy?

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Will Ethan Couch, the “affluenza” teen, get off lightly again?

Couch drew the ire of many after a judge sentenced the then 16-year-old to 10 years probation for a 2013 drunk driving crash that killed four people.

Those who felt the sentence too lenient felt validated when Couch violated his probation and fled. He was detained Monday in Mexico.

But if you are expecting a judge to throw the book at him, be warned that the book might not be too heavy.

As of now, the most severe punishment Couch could face is 120 days in adult jail, Tarrant County District Attorney Sharen Wilson said at a press conference Tuesday.

The district attorney explained the dilemma she faces at a news conference Tuesday:

Ethan Couch was sentenced as a juvenile and violated his probation as ordered by juvenile court system. Under Texas law, Couch, now 18, would be punished for his violation in the juvenile system. The maximum sentence that a juvenile judge can dish out for a violation of his juvenile probation is imprisonment in a juvenile facility until Couch turns 19, which is April 11, 2016. The DA wants to transfer Couch’s sentence to adult court. But since this violation happened in the juvenile system, Couch effectively would start with a clean slate in the adult probation system. That is, the adult court judge could not punish Couch for violations he committed as a juvenile. At the time a judge reassesses Couch’s probation in the adult system, he has the power to put Couch in adult jail for a maximum of 120 days.

The 120 days in jail won’t please those who think Couch deserves worse, but as the facts stand now, it is what the law allows.

If Couch ends up on adult probation, Wilson said, and violates it as an adult, he could face up to 40 years in jail. Couch could also find himself behind bars for longer if he is found to have committed any new crimes and is charged and convicted as an adult for those crimes.

Couch and his mother, who were being sought by Texas authorities, have been detained in the Pacific resort town town of Puerto Vallarta, Mexico.

Ethan Couch’s mother, Tonya Couch, has been charged with hindering the apprehension of a juvenile, and if convicted, faces between 2 and 10 years in jail, Wilson said.

It’s tough to explain the legal maze that stands to benefit Ethan Couch in the form of a light punishment for violating his probation.

The judge who hears the case “will throw the book at him, but the book is only a few more months because he turns 19,” said Larry Seidlin, a former state court and juvenile court judge in Florida. “So the legal issue is: Can the prosecutor move this case to adult court and try to get adult sanctions, get some state prison time. It’s a close question because double jeopardy is going to take effect. We’ve already gone through his case. We’ve already done a plea bargain.”

Tracking the teen

Couch’s cell phone use might have led authorities to the pair.

The U.S. Marshals Service tracked Couch down using electronic surveillance, including tracking a cell phone believed to be linked to him, an official briefed on the investigation told CNN.

The Marshals Service alerted Mexican authorities, who detained Couch and his mother on Monday, the official said.

The two had been staying at a hotel in the Puerto Vallarta area, the source said.

Couch is wanted by authorities in Tarrant County, Texas, for allegedly violating his probation. His mother, Tonya, was listed by Texas authorities as a missing person after her son’s disappearance, and the authorities said they believed she was assisting him.

What comes next

Couch and his mother were turned over to Mexico’s immigration authorities because police couldn’t determine whether they were in the country legally, according to a statement from the Jalisco state prosecutor’s office.

The prosecutor’s office said the pair will be deported to the United States.

As of Tuesday, mother and son remained in custody in Puerto Vallarta, said Ricardo Vera, the representative in Jalisco state for Mexico’s National Institute of Immigration.

Ethan and Tonya Couch met with U.S. consular officials and underwent a routine medial checkup, Vera said.

They were also allowed to speak with family in the United States, he said.

The Couches told immigration officials that they entered Mexico through the crossing in Tijuana. They did not have the proper paperwork to be visiting Puerto Vallarta, Vera said.

“They will be deported voluntarily,” said Vera. “Their wish is to return to the state of Texas. This is what they have requested.”

Given the busy travel season on the Mexican coast, authorities are still working out travel logistics, Vera said.

Trial and sentence fueled debate

A warrant was issued in mid-December for Couch to be taken into custody after his probation officer couldn’t reach him. He appears to have dropped off the radar after a video emerged that allegedly showed him at a party where alcohol was being consumed, according to authorities.

Couch had been ordered to stay away from drugs and alcohol for the duration of his sentence probation.

His sudden disappearance reignited controversy over his case, which attracted widespread attention after a psychologist testified that Couch, who was 16 at the time of the crash, suffered from “affluenza,” describing him as a rich kid whose parents didn’t set limits for him.

His lawyers argued that his parents should share some of the blame for the crash.

Prosecutors had requested that Couch be sentenced to 20 years behind bars. The juvenile court judge’s decision to put him on probation for 10 years instead of sending him to prison outraged victims’ families.

It also prompted many observers to question the term “affluenza,” which isn’t recognized as a medical condition in any formal sense.

G. Dick Miller, the psychologist who said the word at the trial, later said he wished he hadn’t used it. And Couch’s lawyers have criticized what they say is the news media’s narrow focus on the term in relation to his case.

By Mariano Castillo, CNN

CNN’s Mayra Cuevas, Fidel Gutierrez, Ana Melgar, Catherine E. Shoichet, Evan Perez and Jethro Mullen contributed to this report.