OAKLAND, California (CNN) — It’s already one of the city’s deadliest blazes, and Oakland authorities say casualties are expected to rise as they investigate a fire at the warehouse-turned-arts-space known as the Ghost Ship.
After working for 52 hours straight, rescuers had to halt their search late Sunday, said Oakland Fire Battalion Chief Melinda Drayton. There are areas of the structure where an exterior wall is leaning inward and interior walls and the roof have caved in. Other parts of the structure are hanging precariously, she said.
“For us, firefighters working under a wobbly, potentially collapsing exterior wall is extremely dangerous. We will not put our firefighters in danger at this point,” Drayton said.
Investigators believe they’ve discovered the fire’s origin at the rear of the structure, where the steel is “twisted and wrapped in the back of the building,” she said. The area has been “quarantined off for additional investigation” once firefighters are able to get back inside — hopefully early Monday afternoon.
Roughly 30% of the two-story building remains to be searched, and authorities hope to get back to work Monday after an excavator is brought in to stabilize what’s left of the warehouse, she said.
Death toll keeps climbing
At least 36 people are confirmed dead, including teenagers and a deputy’s son, in a huge blaze that gutted the converted warehouse during an electronic dance party Friday night. Most of the bodies were found in the center of the building, Drayton said.
Of those, 11 victims have been identified, Deputy Tya Modeste of the Alameda County Sheriff’s Office said. Families are being notified before the names are released later Monday, she said.
The fire spread so quickly that resident Jose Avalos had no time to help, he told CNN. He was in his loft when he heard someone call for an extinguisher. Before he could get down to offer support, he heard someone say, “Fire! Everyone get out!”
He grabbed his dogs and rushed to the front door where he fell into others trying to escape, he said.
“By the time I was through the front doors, I could just see the flames coming and then they just engulfed the front archway of my studio,” he said. “I looked back and I just saw smoke everywhere. I couldn’t really see anything. Got out of the building and I just saw smoke and then flames coming out the doors and the windows.”
It could take weeks to identify victims through DNA and dental records, Alameda County Sheriff’s Sgt. Ray Kelly said. Officials have asked victims’ families to preserve their loved ones’ personal belongings, including hairbrushes and toothbrushes, that could contain DNA samples. Kelly added that officials were also working with the transgender community to identify some of the victims.
The city’s district attorney has activated a team to launch a criminal investigation. An arson task force has also been formed.
One of deadliest fires ever in Oakland
Drayton cautioned the search could be a long process as firefighters work to remove debris “literally bucket by bucket in a methodical, thoughtful, mindful and compassionate way.”
Drayton, a 19-year veteran, called it one of the deadliest fires in the city’s history — including a 1991 fire in Oakland Hills that killed 25 people.
Southern California artist Anneke Hiatt, who has been monitoring the situation because she had friends there, said she is starting to lose hope.
“It just doesn’t seem that that’s a fire that’s survivable, so the reality, I think for a lot of us, is beginning to set in,” she said.
Concerned family and friends used social media to find loved ones and offer support.
‘I had to let him go’
For filmmaker and photographer Bob Mulé, the warehouse was both his home and his community. The 27-year-old stopped to listen to some music Friday night before heading downstairs to work on a painting. He smelled smoke from his studio.
As Mulé rushed to save his camera and laptop, he spotted a heavy-set artist who called out for help.
“I broke my ankle. I need you to pull me out,” a distraught Mulé recalled the artist saying. “The fire was just getting too hot and the smoke was just getting too bad and I had to leave him there.”
A haven for artists
The building is known as the “Ghost Ship.” To the artists who lived and worked there, the Ghost Ship was a coveted haven in the Bay Area’s gentrifying landscape of skyrocketing rents and disappearing artist spaces. Residents estimate 20 to 25 artists lived there.
Photos posted online show an interior containing drums, keyboards, guitars, clocks, ornate beds, plush sofas, mirrored dressers, tables, benches and artifacts. Exotic lamps hung from the ceiling, and paintings adorned the walls.
Darin Ranelletti, Oakland’s interim director of planning and building, says the city approved permits for the building to be used only as a warehouse, not for residences. City officials also had not signed off on a special permit for the event, Ranelletti said.
In addition, firefighters found no evidence of sprinklers in the warehouse.
Last month, the warehouse’s owners had received notification of city code violations for hazardous trash and debris, property records show.
Former California State Chief Fire Marshal James McMullen said it was his understanding that the owner of the space had been approached about illegal occupancy and trash and debris strewn “around in the way of forming a fire hazard.”
Oakland City Councilman Noel Gallo told CNN he knew the owner and manager of the space and “we’ve had a good number of conversations regarding the upkeep of the property on the street level/sidewalk level, as well as on the inside.”
Drayton, the fire battalion chief, told reporters Monday that if Oakland police had been called to the warehouse, they might have captured footage that could be useful to the investigation.
“We’re looking at everything from our body-worn camera footage, how many calls we at the Oakland Police Department have gone to, what types of calls, documentation when working with our planning and building department,” she said. “We have a lot of moving parts.”
CNN has reached out to the property owners for comment.
By Dan Simon, Max Blau and Eliott C. McLaughlin
CNN’s Dan Simon reported from Oakland, and Max Blau and Eliott C. McLaughlin wrote from Atlanta. CNN’s Chandrika Narayan, Stephanie Elam, Sara Weisfeldt, Carma Hassan and Emanuella Grinberg contributed to this report.