Could insulin pills prevent diabetes? Big study seeks answer

This is an archived article and the information in the article may be outdated. Please look at the time stamp on the story to see when it was last updated.

CHICAGO (AP) _ For decades, insulin shots have been a life-saving diabetes treatment. Now scientists have raised an unusual question. What if insulin in pills could prevent the disease?

They’re testing that idea in children and adults in a big study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

To qualify, subjects must have lab tests that show they’re at risk for developing Type 1 diabetes. That’s the kind usually diagnosed in childhood. It affects a little over 1 million Americans and is increasing worldwide for unknown reasons.

Thirteen-year-old Hayden Murphy of Plainfield, Illinois, is among the participants. He swallows a white capsule every day containing either insulin or a placebo. He’s hoping to avoid a life-changing condition, and he wants to help scientists better understand a disease already diagnosed in his little brother.