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US sets a refugee cap of 18,000 for next year — a new historic low

The Trump administration will only admit up to 18,000 refugees in the next fiscal year, the State Department announced Thursday, marking a historic low and threatening to further erode the nation’s refugee resettlement program.

Under President Donald Trump, the administration has slowly chipped away at the refugee cap, which dictates how many refugees may be admitted to the United States. The ceiling for fiscal year 2019 stands at 30,000, which, at the time, was the lowest level since 1980.

The move continues the administration’s push to limit the number of people admitted to the US and comes after discussion that some in the White House wanted to let no refugees in altogether.

Each year, the administration sets a cap for how many refugees may be admitted to the US. Historically, the number of admissions has fluctuated according to world events, though they’ve generally been high. From fiscal years 1990 to 1995, for example, many refugees arriving to the US were from the former Soviet Union, according to the Pew Research Center.

In the last few years of the Obama presidency, the administration moved toward increasingly high caps, up to 110,000 in fiscal year 2017 amid the Syrian crisis.

As of August 2019, more than 28,000 refugees have been admitted to the US this fiscal year, according to figures from the Refugee Processing Center.

The refugee cap is discussed among several departments and agencies, and eventually approved by the President. But this year, the process toward landing on a ceiling appeared to be shrouded in secrecy, fueling frustrations among some Democratic lawmakers and resettlement agencies charged with placing refugees.

Canceled flights

Earlier this week, flights for some refugees who were approved to come to the United States were canceled.

The move sparked concern among resettlement agencies that have booked travel for refugees into next month, anticipating the continuation of arrivals in the upcoming fiscal year, which begins October 1.

The State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration directed the International Organization for Migration to send the notifications, according to a department spokesperson, who added the moratorium is being extended through October 21. The department said it’s working with the organization to rebook the flights contingent upon the refugee admissions ceiling for fiscal year 2020.

Still, the cancellations could be particularly troubling for refugees whose medical exams or security checks, for example, are on the cusp of expiring.

Resettlement offices closing

As a result of the declining admissions under the Trump administration, all nine resettlement agencies have had to close offices or pause their placement programs — chipping away at a system designed to not only place refugees but also help them integrate into communities across the country.

As of April 2019, around 100 offices have either closed entirely or suspended their refugee resettlement program, a third of offices nationwide, according to a Refugee Council USA report released this year.

“It concerns me that our local offices have done a bunch of work and started to make plans for these cases to come. It’s so atypical,” said Rachel Pollock, director of resettlement services for United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, one of the nine resettlement agencies that work with the State Department to place refugees.

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